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What Is Cryptocurrency?

The term “cryptocurrency” refers to a type of digital (or digital currency which is protected with cryptography, making it almost impossible to duplicate-spend or counterfeit. A lot of cryptocurrency networks are decentralized that are based upon blockchain technology, which is a digital ledger that is distributed and which is enforced by a diverse computer network. The most notable characteristic of cryptocurrencies is the fact that they are not issued by a central authority, making them theoretically invulnerable to government intervention or manipulation.


  • It is type of digital asset that is based on a network dispersed across an amount of computer. This structure of decentralization allows cryptocurrency to operate without any control by governments or central authorities.
  • The experts believe that blockchain and related technologies could disrupt many industries including law and finance.
  • The advantages of cryptocurrency are lower costs and quicker transactions and distributed systems that don’t fail at one failing point.
  • The downsides of cryptocurrency are their volatility in prices, their large energy consumption in mining, as well as their the use in criminal activity.

Understanding Cryptocurrencies

Cryptocurrencies are a digital and virtual currency that is backed by a cryptographic system. They allow secure online transactions without the need for intermediaries from third parties. “Crypto” refers to the various encryption algorithms and techniques to protect these entries like elliptical curve encryption as well as public-private key pair encryption and functions for hashing.

The cryptocurrency may be mined or bought from exchanges for cryptocurrency. Some e-commerce websites do not accept transactions using cryptocurrency. Actually, some cryptocurrencies, including popular ones such as Bitcoin and Ethereum, are rarely utilized for trades in retail. But the exploding value of the cryptocurrency has led to its popularity in the field of trading. They are also used for a small number of cross-border transfers.

Types of Cryptocurrency

Bitcoin is the most well-known and important cryptocurrency. A lone person named Satoshi Nakamoto created it and made it available to the world with an article in the year 2008. There are myriad cryptocurrencies available on the market today.

Every cryptocurrency claims to perform a specific function and definition. For instance, Ethereum’s ether is used to sell gas to power the smart contract platform. To facilitate the transfer of funds across borders, banks use Ripple XRP.

Bitcoin which was made accessible to the general public in 2009, continues to be the most traded and monitored cryptocurrency. As of November 20, 2021, there were 18.8 million bitcoins available and a market cap of about $1.2 trillion. Just 21 million bitcoins are likely to ever exist. 3

Following Bitcoin’s popularity, a variety of cryptocurrencies, also known in the industry as “altcoins,” have been created. A few of them are copies and variants of Bitcoin While others are brand-new currencies created from scratch. These comprise Solana, Litecoin, Ethereum, Cardano, and EOS. In November 2021, the value of all cryptocurrencies that existed had surpassed $2.1 trillion. Bitcoin accounted for around 41% of the total value.